2.Agricultural Scenario and Agro-climatic Zones in ATARI

chhatisThe Chhattisgarh State was constituted on 1st November, 2000 with 1.35 lac sq.km. geographical  area. The state is situated on 17046’ N to 2405’ N latitude and 800 15’ to 84020’ E longitude. About 40% area of the state is covered by forest. As per the census of 2001, the averages rainfall of Chhattisgarh state is 1292.1 mm with 61 no of rainy days. This state is divided into 16 districts with 96 Tahsils, 146 Development Blocks (85 Tribal Development. Blocks),9139 Gram Panchayats, 20.3 thousand villages having a total of about 2 crore population (79.92% rural population) with 74 lacs working population. The literacy rural literacy is 60.93%. The population density of Chhattisgarh is 154 per sq.km. and sex ration is 990 females per thousand males. About 53.3 lack ha land is under cultivation (0.26 ha per capita gross cropped area), out of which about 37.7 lac ha is under rice. Lathyrus, Kodo-Kutki, Gram, Maize, Wheat are the major food grain crops. Sesamum, linseed, rape-mustard, groundnut are the major oilseed crops of the state. Also about 1.0 lac ha area is under fruits and vegetables. About 11.8% area is under double cropping. The productivity of most of the crops of Chhattisgarh is much lower than the national average. This may be due to very low consumption of fertilizer (44 kg/ha NPK) and very low area under irrigation (19.58%). The livestock population of the state is 1.28 crore out of which, 1.01 crore is cattle. Also 60.3 lacks poultry is available in the state. The fish production of Chhattisgarh reaches to about 1.0 lac MT. In this way the per capita net income of the state is 11663 at current prices and Rs. 7796 at constant (1993-94) prices. The Chhattisgarh state is well known for its minerals and tribal culture. Out of the three Agro-climatic Zones of state viz. Chhattisgarh Plains, Bastar Plateau and Northern Hills, the last tow zones are dominated by tribal population. A total of 11 Krishi Vigyan Kendra ate working in the state, all under Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur (C.G.). (GO BACK)